what is flutter - papa programmer

In this article, you’ll learn what is flutter and dart. Let’s start with What is Dart with its key features.

What is Dart?

Dart is an open-source, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language.  It was built and developed by Google in 2011. Dart is widely used to build Mobile, Web, and Desktop applications using the Flutter Framework. Dart is known for its flexibility, efficiency, and ease of use.

what is flutter and dart - papa programmer

Key Features of Dart

  1. Object-Oriented
    Dart is an object-oriented language, meaning it uses the concepts of objects and classes for organizing and structuring code. It supports features like encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.
  2. Just-In-Time (JIT) Compilation
    Dart previously used JIT compilation, which allowed for hot reloading during development. This means that developers can see the results of code changes almost instantly without having to restart the entire application.
  3. AOT (Ahead-Of-Time) Compilation
    Dart also supports AOT compilation, which translates Dart code into native machine code ahead of running the application. This improvement enhances runtime performance and developers commonly use it for production deployments.
  4. Flutter Framework
    After the release of Flutter, Dart gained significant popularity as the programming language for building applications. Flutter, a UI toolkit, creates natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase.
  5. Concurrency Support
    Dart includes support for asynchronous programming, making it well-suited for handling concurrent operations efficiently. This is particularly important for tasks like handling network requests without blocking the application’s main thread.
  6. Package Management
    Dart has a package management system called Pub, which allows developers to share and reuse libraries of code easily.
  7. Community and Ecosystem
    While Dart has a growing community, it has gained prominence largely through its association with Flutter. The ecosystem includes various packages and libraries that can be leveraged for different purposes.

These are the key features of the Dart programming language.

Now Let’s understand what is Flutter.

What is Flutter?

Flutter is an open-source UI toolkit that is built by Google and It is used to build beautiful, natively compiled, multi-platform applications from a single codebase.

It empowers developers to create applications for a variety of operating systems, including Android, iOS, Web, Mac, Windows, and Linux. The remarkable aspect is that there’s no need to craft distinct code for each OS. Simply write your code in Flutter, and it seamlessly runs on any of the above operating systems.

what is flutter and dart - papa programmer

Key Features of Flutter

  1. Expressive UI
    Flutter provides a rich set of customizable widgets that make it easy to create complex and visually appealing user interfaces. The framework follows a reactive programming model, allowing for a declarative and expressive approach to UI design.
  2. Single Codebase
    Flutter allows developers to write code in a way that the code runs on multiple platforms without making significant changes to the code. Because of a single code base, there is a massive reduction in development time and effort.
  3. Rich Set of Widgets
    Flutter comes with an extensive library of pre-designed widgets for common UI elements. These widgets are highly customizable, and developers can create their own custom widgets for specialized use cases.
  4. Native Performance
    Flutter’s own rendering engine compiles Flutter applications into native ARM code, delivering high performance and a native look and feel on each platform, accomplished through the use of the Dart programming language.
  5. Massive Community: Flutter has an Increasing and active community of developers. The ecosystem includes a variety of packages and plugins that can be easily integrated into Flutter projects, enhancing functionality and saving development time.

These are the key features of Flutter.

That’s it. This is the complete overview of what is flutter and dart.

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